论非政府组织在WTO争端解决机制中的作用(法庭之友的视角).doc

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【摘要】 随着非政府组织的数量规模与活动范围的不断扩大,其在国际事务中发挥着越来越重要的作用。WTO作为一个政府间组织,其在政策、规则的制定和实施过程中,亦不可避免地受到来自于非政府组织的影响。WTO争端解决机制正式运作以来,许多非政府组织不断以向争端解决机构提交“法庭之友”陈述的方式介入到争端解决程序中来。本文分析了“法庭之友”介入WTO争端解决机制的背景,回顾了“法庭之友”的发展,分析了“法庭之友”介入WTO争端解决机制存在的问题、发展完善的规则及其前景。阐述了非政府组织的作用,并对如何在WTO框架下更好地发挥非政府组织的作用提供了一些借鉴和建议。

【关键词】非政府组织  WTO争端解决机制  法庭之友 

 

【Abstract】With the number and size of non-governmental organizations and scope of activities continues to expand, its international affairs playing an increasingly important role. WTO as an intergovernmental organization, in the making and implementation process of Its policies, rules, has inevitably affected from the impact of non-governmental organizations. Having been in operation for several years of the World Trade Organization(WTO) Dispute Settlement Mechanism(DSM),lots of Non-Governmental Organizations(NGOs)has intervened the DSM by submit amicus curiae.This article analyzes the background of the "amicus curiae " involved in WTO dispute settlement mechanism, Recalling the "amicus curiae” development, Analysis the problems、developed the rules and the prospects of the "amicus curiae " involved in WTO dispute settlement mechanism. In addtion to ,described the role of non-governmental organizations, and Under the WTO framework,providing some references and recommendations to non-governmental organizations on how to better play the role.

【Key words】NGOs;WTO dispute settlement;Amicus Curiae

 

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